What We Do in Guatemala
In the year 2000, Freedom from Hunger and FUNDAP (Fundación Para el Desarrollo Integral de Programas Socioeconómicos) partnered to bring Credit with Education to poor families in the Totonicapan region of Guatemala. FUNDAP is a Guatemalan nonprofit private development organization that runs a village banking program called Mujer y Trabajo ('Women and Work'). Freedom from Hunger provides health and business education materials to the Mujer y Trabajo microcredit program. As of March 31, 2005, over 10,500 Guatemalan women and their families were benefiting from Credit with Education.
- Population (millions): 15.5 (2013)
- Life Expectancy: 72 (2012)
- Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000 births): 26 (2013)
- Percentage of rural population with access to an improved water source: 89% (2012)
- Fertility Rate (births per woman): 4 (2012)
- Literacy Rate: 78% (2012)
- Primary School Enrollment: 93% (2011)
- Per capita GDP: $3,478 (2013)
- Percentage of population living on less than $2 per day: 29.8% (2011)
- Ethnic Groups: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census)
- Languages: Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census)
- Religions: Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census)
Guatemala is located in Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize. After their independence in 1821 as a Spanish colony, Guatemala experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 100,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, some 1 million refugees.
Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America, with a GDP per capita roughly one-half that of the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. The agricultural sector accounts for nearly 15% of GDP and half of the labor force. The distribution of income remains highly unequal, with the richest 10% of the population accounting for more than 40% of Guatemala's overall consumption.
Poverty in Guatemala is widespread and deeply entrenched, particularly among poor, rural people who account for 71 percent of the country’s poor population. The country's high rates of illiteracy, infant mortality and infant malnourishment are even higher among indigenous peoples, most of whom live in rural areas. The causes of poverty are primarily related to the lack of access to social and productive assets and resources such as land and water. Income distribution and land ownership are extremely uneven.